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Sunday, July 24, 2005

Regular verbs in spanish language

Regular Verbs:
All Spanish verbs are either "regular" or "irregular." In this lesson we will look at three completely regular verbs:


hablar (to speak)

comer (to eat)
vivir (to live)

Notice the last two letters of each verb.
hablar (to speak)

comer (to eat)
vivir (to live)

There are three categories of verbs:
-ar verbs (like hablar)-er verbs (like comer)-ir verbs (like vivir)

All three categories are infinitives.
You will recall from a previous lesson that infinitives are the base form of the verb, equivalent in English to:
to speak, to eat, to live, etc.

In Spanish, all infinitives end in -ar, -er, or -ir.
-ar verbhablar (to speak)-er verbcomer (to eat)-ir verbvivir (to live)

Remember what it means to conjugate a verb:
to speak

I speak
you speak
he speaksshe speaks
we speak
you-all speak
they speak

In this lesson, you will learn to conjugate our model verbs for I, you (formal), we, and you-all (formal).

yo hablo I speak
usted habla you speak
nosotros/as hablamos we speak
ustedes hablan you-all speak

yo como I eat
usted come you eat
nosotros/as comemos we eat
ustedes comenyou-all eat

yo vivo I live
usted vive you live
nosotros/as vivimos
we live
ustedes viven you-all live

Look for a pattern in the yo form.
yo hablo yo como yo vivo
If the subject is I (yo), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -o.

yo hablo (hablar - ar + o = hablo)
yo como (comer - er + o = como)
yo vivo (vivir - ir + o = vivo)
Look for a pattern in the usted form.
usted habla

usted come
usted vive

If the subject is you formal (usted) drop the ending and add either -a or -e. If the verb is an -ar verb, add -a. If it is an -er or -ir verb, add -e.
usted habla (hablar - ar + a = habla)

usted come (comer - er + e = come)
usted vive (vivir - ir + e = vive)

Look for a pattern in the nosotros/as form.

nosotros/as hablamosnosotros/as comemosnosotros/as vivimos
If the subject is we (nosotros/as), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -amos, -emos, or -imos.

Notice that the ending of the infinitive determines which is used: -ar verbs add -amos, -er verbs add -emos, -ir verbs add -imos.
nosotros/as hablamos(hablar - ar + amos = hablamos)

nosotros/as comemos(comer - er + emos = comemos)
nosotros/as vivimos(vivir - ir + imos = vivimos)

Look for a pattern in the ustedes form.
ustedes hablan

ustedes comen
ustedes viven

If the subject is you-all (ustedes), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -an or -en. If the verb is an -ar verb, add -an. If it is an -er or an -ir verb, add -en.

ustedes hablan(hablar - ar + an = hablan)
ustedes comen(comer - er + en = comen)
ustedes viven(vivir - ir + en = viven)


Present tense (indicative) in Spanish means three things.
Yo hablo ingl├ęs:I speak English. I do speak English. I am speaking English. Yo como pan:I eat bread. I do eat bread. I am eating bread. Yo vivo en Buenos Aires: I live in Buenos Aires. I do live in Buenos Aires.

I am living in Buenos Aires.

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